Retirement Income Planning
In 40 years in the financial world, I've learned a few things that most don't know, and I'm always learning. One of the important lessons is how different generating income in retirement is from growing assets.
The 65-year old, whose parents lived to 75, misses the boat when he tells his wife that they should spend all of their assets over the next ten years. Of course, this strategy doesn’t work because he could live past age 75, she may well do so, and they may wish to leave a legacy for their family or charity.
One of the most striking things I’ve seen is that most people have no idea how much of their hard-earned dollars they can safely spend in retirement. Even the most educated, wealthy people with whom I’ve had this conversation often have given this any thought.
This number is around 3% pre-tax without any other strategy, and you can research it yourself. Fortunately, we have some approaches to safely take more income. Some people may live a better lifestyle with less money and still leave a legacy.
I also speak for who you'll be in 10, 20, or even 30 years from now. There's a 50% chance one member of a couple of age 65 will be around at 92 and a 25% chance one will be around at 97.
Too many name-brand financial institutions give hypothetical examples of how a 65-year-old can take over 6% from a portfolio without any other strategies. Their footnotes often reflect an 85% or 90% likelihood that one’s money won’t run out by year 25 using this formula. I believe we call this foolish, or maybe malpractice.
There are over 20 factors to consider regarding retirement income planning. These include:
- Early losses sinking a portfolio irreparably, often called “sequence of returns” risk. The loss of a few tenants one’s rental units causes the same pain.
- A healthcare need, especially long-term care, may be devastating financially.
- Unexpectedly raising a grandchild may impact one’s health and finances.
- Living a long time brings on a host of issues. My Dad and Uncle lived into their mid-90's and my Mom's sister is 100 years old, so I know.
- People can make bad decisions as they age or experience elder abuse.
- Taxes may rise, especially with substantial government deficits.
The above is not as financial, investment, or tax advice. Of course, each individual’s situation is different. Any decisions, implications, strategies, tactics, products, etc. are particular to one’s situation and may not be things we do. But the cost of doing nothing is greater than the cost of doing something.
Two other very significant issues that most have not studied are that few investors do and the market and that institutions as investors operate differently from individuals.
Individual investors historically realize returns well below those of professionals for a variety of reasons. These include emotional decisions like fleeing the market when it dips, jumping in when it soars, and not being experts at making investment choices.
Institutions often have the luxury of holding money for decades where individuals need to start spending money. This allows for a longer view and more opportunities to rebound when values are down.